Figurative language is a word or phrase that does not have its normal everyday, literal meaning. It is used by the writer for the sake of comparison or dramatic effect. Authors use similes, metaphors, hyperbole, and personification to make their stories more interesting.
Simile A simile uses the words “like” or “as” to compare one object or idea with another to suggest they are alike. Example: busy as a bee
The metaphor states a fact or draws a verbal picture by the use of comparison. A metaphor makes a direct comparison - it says you are something. Example: You are what you eat.
Personification A figure of speech in which human characteristics are given to an animal or an object. Example: My teddy bear gave me a hug.
Alliteration The repetition of the same initial letter, sound, or group of sounds in a series of words. Alliteration includes tongue twisters. Example: She sells seashells by the seashore.
Onomatopoeia The use of a word to describe or imitate a natural sound or the sound made by an object or an action. Example: snap, crackle, pop
Hyperbole An exaggeration that is so dramatic that no one would believe the statement is true. Tall tales are hyperboles. Example: He was so hungry, he ate that whole cornfield for lunch, stalks and all.
Idioms An expression whose meaning is not predictable from the usual meanings of the actual words. Example: I have a frog in my throat.
1. Find an example of figurative language in your book and explain what it means.
Can't change a rubric once you've started using it.